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After Baby Is Born: What to Expect in the First Hours & Days

The birth of a baby is a momentous occasion in any family's life, filled with anticipation, joy, and sometimes a touch of anxiety. While pregnancy and childbirth are well-documented processes, what happens immediately after the baby is born is equally important and deserves thorough attention. In the first hours and days after a baby is born, there are various physical, emotional, and logistical changes that new parents and caregivers should be prepared for. This article aims to provide a comprehensive guide on what to expect during this crucial period.

What to Expect in the First Hours & Days


What happens immediately after the baby is born in the hospital?

When can I hold my baby for the first time?

When can I start breastfeeding my baby?

Will my baby cry right away?

What are some common newborn procedures?

How long will I stay in the hospital after giving birth?

What should I bring to the hospital for my stay?

The First Few Minutes After Birth

  1. Immediate Skin-to-Skin Contact: In many cases, right after birth, your baby will be placed directly on your chest for skin-to-skin contact. This helps to regulate the baby's body temperature and facilitates bonding between the baby and the parents. Skin-to-skin contact also has numerous benefits, including promoting breastfeeding, reducing stress, and stabilizing the baby's heart rate and breathing.

  2. Apgar Score Assessment: Within the first few minutes of birth, the medical team will evaluate the baby's overall health using the Apgar score, which assesses the baby's heart rate, breathing, muscle tone, reflexes, and skin color. This quick assessment helps determine if any immediate medical interventions are necessary. The Apgar score is typically performed at 1 and 5 minutes after birth.

  3. Cord Clamping and Cutting: The umbilical cord will be clamped and cut after it has stopped pulsating. This allows the baby to receive the full benefit of the blood from the placenta, which is rich in nutrients and stem cells. Delayed cord clamping is becoming increasingly common and is associated with various health benefits for the newborn.

  4. Newborn Examinations: The medical team will conduct a thorough examination of the baby to check for any obvious physical abnormalities or concerns. This is also an opportunity for the baby's weight and length to be measured. They will assess the baby's overall condition, including checking for any signs of distress or complications.

Feeding Your Newborn

  1. Breastfeeding: The first hours after birth are an excellent time to start breastfeeding if you plan to breastfeed. The colostrum, the initial milk produced by the mother, is packed with essential nutrients and antibodies that provide the baby with a strong start to life. Lactation consultants and nurses can offer guidance and support to help you establish successful breastfeeding.

  2. Bottle Feeding: If you choose to bottle-feed, you can begin with formula or pumped breast milk. The healthcare team will guide you through the process and help ensure your baby receives proper nutrition. It's essential to choose an appropriate formula and follow the recommended feeding guidelines.

  3. Feeding Frequency: Newborns have small stomachs and need to eat frequently, usually every 2-3 hours. Pay attention to your baby's cues for hunger, such as rooting, sucking on fists, or crying. Feeding on demand is essential to ensure your baby receives the nourishment they need.

Bonding and Skin-to-Skin Contact

  1. Bonding Moments: Spending time with your newborn through skin-to-skin contact not only regulates their body temperature but also strengthens the emotional bond between you and your baby. These moments are essential for building trust and attachment. Gently talking to and caressing your baby during skin-to-skin contact can enhance the bonding experience.

  2. Rooming-In: Many hospitals encourage "rooming-in" where the baby stays in the same room as the mother. This promotes bonding and allows parents to become more attuned to their baby's needs. Rooming-in also provides valuable opportunities for learning your baby's cues and preferences.

Postpartum Recovery

  1. Physical Recovery: While the focus is often on the baby, it's crucial to remember that the mother's body needs time to recover. You may experience postpartum bleeding (lochia), uterine contractions (afterpains), and discomfort. Adequate rest and self-care are essential during this time. Don't hesitate to ask for pain relief or support with mobility from the healthcare team.

  2. Emotional Rollercoaster: The postpartum period can be emotionally intense. You may feel a mix of joy, exhaustion, anxiety, and even "baby blues." It's important to seek emotional support and communicate your feelings with your partner, family, or a healthcare professional. Postpartum mood disorders like postpartum depression can also occur, so be aware of the signs and seek help if needed.

  3. Support System: Having a support system in place, including friends, family, or a postpartum doula, can be immensely helpful during the early days after childbirth. They can assist with household chores, meal preparation, and offer emotional support. Having a strong support network can significantly ease the transition into parenthood.

Infant Care and Monitoring

  1. Vital Sign Monitoring: Healthcare providers will regularly monitor your baby's vital signs, including heart rate, breathing rate, and temperature, to ensure they are stable and healthy. Any deviations from the norm will be promptly addressed.

  2. Jaundice Assessment: Many newborns develop jaundice, a condition characterized by yellowing of the skin and eyes due to elevated bilirubin levels. The healthcare team will monitor for jaundice and recommend treatment if necessary. Phototherapy or other interventions may be needed to lower bilirubin levels.

  3. Diaper Changes: Newborns require frequent diaper changes, typically 8-12 times a day. This helps prevent diaper rash and keeps the baby comfortable. It's also an opportunity to check for signs of hydration, such as the number of wet diapers.

  4. Sleep Patterns: Newborns sleep a lot, but their sleep is often in short intervals. It's essential for parents to adjust their sleep patterns to accommodate the baby's needs. Consider taking naps during the day and sharing nighttime care with your partner to ensure both of you get sufficient rest.

Hospital Discharge

  1. Discharge Criteria: Hospital stays for both mothers and newborns vary, but typically, you will be discharged once the baby is feeding well, gaining weight, and showing no signs of complications. The mother should also be healing adequately. Before discharge, you will receive instructions on newborn care, follow-up appointments, and what to watch for in terms of potential health concerns.

  2. Follow-Up Appointments: Before leaving the hospital, schedule a follow-up appointment for your baby's first check-up with the pediatrician. This is an opportunity to address any questions or concerns you may have and ensure your baby is continuing to thrive outside of the hospital environment.

Bringing Your Baby Home

  1. Car Seat Safety: Ensure you have an appropriate and properly installed car seat to bring your baby home safely from the hospital. Car seats should be rear-facing, and the baby should be securely strapped in according to the manufacturer's instructions.

  2. Baby's Sleeping Arrangement: Create a safe and comfortable sleeping environment for your baby. Follow the guidelines for safe sleep, including placing the baby on their back in a crib with no loose bedding or toys. Avoid co-sleeping in the same bed to reduce the risk of suffocation or Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).

  3. Feeding Schedule: Continue to feed your baby on demand, as newborns may not follow a strict schedule. Make sure you have all necessary feeding supplies, whether breastfeeding or bottle-feeding. Properly sterilize bottles and nipples if you're using formula.

The Role of Partners and Caregivers

  1. Supporting the Mother: Partners and caregivers play a vital role in supporting the mother during this period. Encourage rest, help with household tasks, and provide emotional support. Be attentive to the mother's needs, both physically and emotionally.

  2. Bonding Opportunities: Partners and caregivers can also bond with the baby through skin-to-skin contact, diaper changes, and feeding (if bottle-feeding). Engaging in these activities fosters a strong sense of involvement and connection with the newborn.

Common Concerns and When to Seek Help

  1. Feeding Difficulties: If you encounter challenges with breastfeeding or bottle-feeding, don't hesitate to seek help from a lactation consultant or pediatrician. Proper nutrition is crucial for the baby's growth and development. Common issues include latch problems, nipple pain, and low milk supply.

  2. Jaundice: If your baby develops jaundice or if you notice any other concerning symptoms such as fever, breathing difficulties, or unusual behavior, contact your healthcare provider immediately. Jaundice can sometimes require treatment, and prompt intervention is essential.

  3. Postpartum Complications: Mothers should be vigilant about postpartum complications such as excessive bleeding, severe pain, fever, or signs of infection. These symptoms warrant immediate medical attention.


The first hours and days after a baby is born are a period of adjustment and discovery for both parents and the newborn. It's essential to be prepared for the physical, emotional, and logistical changes that come with this significant life event. By understanding what to expect and seeking support when needed, new parents can navigate this transitional phase with confidence and provide the best possible care for their newborns as they embark on the exciting journey of parenthood. Each moment in the early days after birth is a unique opportunity to nurture and cherish the precious life you've brought into the world.


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